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Lion's Mane (Hericium erinaceus)

Overview

  • Common Name: Lion's Mane mushroom, Hedgehog mushroom, Bearded tooth mushroom

  • Scientific Name: Hericium erinaceus

  • Physical Appearance and Identification:

    • White or creamy in color, with long spines resembling a lion's mane.

    • It has a soft texture and a mild, slightly sweet flavor.

  • Where is it Commonly Found: Native to North America, Europe, and Asia, and can be found growing on hardwood trees, particularly oak and beech.

  • Historical Usage: Used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries to promote digestive and immune system health, and as a general tonic for overall well-being.


Medicinal Properties


Cooking

  • Flavor profile: sweet, nutty, slightly seafood-like

  • Texture: firm, meaty

  • Best cooking methods: sautéing, roasting, grilling, boiling

  • Best way to store: in a paper bag in the refrigerator

  • How long can it be stored: up to 1 week

  • Nutritional value: low in calories, high in protein, fiber, and antioxidants

  • Health benefits: may help reduce inflammation, boost the immune system, and improve cognitive function

  • Best pairing options: pasta, risotto, stir-fries, salads

  • How to properly clean and prepare: remove the tough stem and slice or tear the mushroom into bite-size pieces, rinse gently under cold running water and pat dry with a paper towel, cook until golden brown and crispy.


Growing

  • Time from inoculation of substrate to mushroom growth: around 14-21 days

  • Optimal temperature range for growth: 18-24°C (64-75°F)

  • Optimal humidity range for growth: 85-95%

  • Best substrate for cultivation: hardwood sawdust or supplemented sawdust substrate

  • Expected yield of mushrooms per pound of substrate: varies depending on the cultivation method, but can range from 0.5 to 2 pounds

  • When to harvest: when the fruiting body reaches full size, typically around 3-4 months after inoculation

  • How to harvest: cut the fruiting body at the base of the stem using a sharp, clean knife

  • Storage and preservation technique for harvested mushrooms: can be stored in a paper bag in the refrigerator for up to one week, or frozen for long-term storage. To freeze, blanch for 3-5 minutes, then cool in ice water, drain and pack into freezer bags or containers.

Mushroom Gallery

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