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Golden Oyster (Pleurotus citrinopileatus)

Overview

  • Common Name: Golden Oyster Mushroom

  • Scientific Name: Pleurotus citrinopileatus

  • Physical Appearance and Identification:

    • Golden-yellow to golden-brown in color

    • Fan-shaped caps that grow in clusters

    • Gills are attached to the stem and are yellow in color

  • Where is it Commonly Found: Native to eastern Russia, northern China, and Japan, but is now cultivated worldwide

  • Historical Usage: Used in traditional Chinese medicine for its anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties


Medicinal Properties


Cooking

  • Flavor profile: nutty and earthy with a slight hint of sweetness

  • Texture: tender, delicate and slightly chewy

  • Best cooking methods: sautéing, stir-frying, roasting, grilling, and in soups/stews

  • Best way to store: in a paper bag or wrapped in a damp paper towel in the refrigerator

  • How long can it be stored: up to 1 week

  • Nutritional value: low in calories and fat, high in protein, fiber, vitamins B and D, and minerals like potassium and selenium

  • Health benefits: helps lower cholesterol, boosts the immune system, and has anti-inflammatory properties

  • Best pairing options: garlic, shallots, thyme, soy sauce, lemon juice, and white wine

  • How to properly clean and prepare: lightly brush or rinse in cold water and pat dry before cooking. Can be cooked whole or sliced.


Growing

  • Time from inoculation of substrate to mushroom growth: 1-2 weeks

  • Optimal temperature range for growth: 65-75°F (18-24°C)

  • Optimal humidity range for growth: 85-95%

  • Best substrate for cultivation: hardwood sawdust or supplemented straw

  • Expected yield of mushrooms per pound of substrate: 1-2 pounds

  • When to harvest: when the caps have flattened and the gills are visible

  • How to harvest: gently twist and pull the mushroom stem at the base

  • Storage and preservation technique for harvested mushrooms: store in a paper bag in the refrigerator for up to 1 week, or dry or freeze for longer storage

Mushroom Gallery

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