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Enoki (Flammulina filiformis)


  • Common Name: Enoki mushroom, Velvet shank, Golden Needle

  • Scientific Name: Flammulina velutipes

  • Physical Appearance and Identification:

    • Enoki mushrooms have long, thin stems and small, white caps.

    • The stems can grow up to 10 inches long, and the caps are about 1-2 inches wide.

    • They have a delicate, slightly crunchy texture and a mild, slightly sweet flavor.

  • Where is it Commonly Found: Enoki mushrooms are native to East Asia but are now widely cultivated around the world, including in North America, Europe, and Australia.

  • Historical Usage:

    • Enoki mushrooms have a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine for their immune-boosting properties.

    • They have also been used in Japanese cuisine for centuries and are often used in soups and hot pots.

Medicinal Properties


  • Flavor profile: Mild, slightly sweet taste.

  • Texture: Delicate, crunchy, and chewy.

  • Best cooking methods: Raw in salads or cooked in soups, stir-fries, or sautés.

  • Best way to store: Keep in a paper bag or wrapped in a paper towel and store in the refrigerator.

  • How long can it be stored: Up to 1 week.

  • Nutritional value: Low in calories and fat, high in protein, vitamins B and D, and minerals like potassium and copper.

  • Health benefits: May boost immunity, reduce inflammation, and improve gut health.

  • Best pairing options: Enoki mushrooms pair well with soy sauce, sesame oil, ginger, garlic, and seafood.

  • How to properly clean and prepare: Trim the base of the mushrooms and separate the stems before using. Rinse lightly under cold water and pat dry with a paper towel.


  • Time from inoculation of substrate to mushroom growth: around 2-3 weeks

  • Optimal temperature range for growth: 12-16°C (53-61°F)

  • Optimal humidity range for growth: 80-95%

  • Best substrate for cultivation: hardwood sawdust, straw, or supplemented sawdust blocks

  • Expected yield of mushrooms per pound of substrate: 1-2 pounds

  • When to harvest: when the caps are firm and fully elongated, typically 2-3 inches in length

  • How to harvest: cut the base of the cluster with scissors or a knife

  • Storage and preservation technique for harvested mushrooms: keep refrigerated in a paper bag or wrapped in a damp cloth for up to 2 weeks.

Mushroom Gallery

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