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Chestnut (Pholiota adiposa)

Overview

  • Common Name: Chestnut Mushroom, Chestnut-Sided Mushroom

  • Scientific Name: Pholiota adiposa

  • Physical Appearance and Identification:

    • Cap: convex to flat, 3-8cm in diameter, dark brown to chestnut-brown color, covered in fine scales or fibers

    • Gills: crowded, broad, initially pale yellow, later becoming rusty brown

    • Stem: 3-6cm tall, 0.5-1cm thick, white to pale brown in color, covered in fine white scales

    • Spores: brown, ellipsoid, smooth

  • Where is it Commonly Found: Chestnut mushrooms are found growing in clusters on hardwood logs and stumps, usually oak or beech.

  • Historical Usage: Chestnut mushrooms have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for their health benefits for centuries, and have been cultivated for culinary purposes since the 1800s.


Medicinal Properties


Cooking:

  • Flavor profile: nutty, earthy, slightly sweet

  • Texture: firm, meaty

  • Best cooking methods: sauté, grill, roast, stir-fry

  • Best way to store: refrigerate in paper bag

  • How long can it be stored: up to a week

  • Nutritional value: low in fat and calories, high in fiber and protein, contains vitamins B and D, as well as minerals such as potassium and phosphorus

  • Health benefits: anti-inflammatory, immune-boosting, anti-tumor, and anti-cancer properties

  • Best pairing options: beef, pork, chicken, potatoes, onions, garlic, pasta, rice

  • How to properly clean and prepare: gently brush or wipe clean, remove stems before cooking



Growing:

  • Time from inoculation to mushroom growth: 3-5 weeks

  • Optimal temperature range for growth: 65-75°F

  • Optimal humidity range for growth: 85-90%

  • Best substrate for cultivation: hardwood sawdust, supplemented with bran or other nitrogen sources

  • Expected yield of mushrooms per pound of substrate: 0.5-1.5 pounds

  • When to harvest: when the caps start to flatten out and the veil underneath starts to tear

  • How to harvest: twist the mushroom stem gently to detach it from the substrate

  • Storage and preservation technique: store in a paper bag or wrapped in paper towels in the refrigerator for up to a week. Can also be dried or frozen for long-term storage.


Mushroom Gallery

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